One of my favorite things about the 1-3-1 defense is its ability to keep the ball out of the paint. By having three defenders always near the ball, you can force ball handlers into what we call an umbrella trap. You can see in this diagram our coverages and adjustments based upon dribble penetration. It is very important not to foul in the umbrella trap. Fouling negates hustle!
On any penetrating dribble from the top, we form an "umbrella" trap and force the ball handler to pass away from the paint area. Both Pusher (X4) and Keeper (X3) look to tip the ball away from ball handler, while Clogger attacks the penetration right at the 3pt line. The weak side pusher (X2) takes away the weak side block and the Warrior (X1) takes away strong side block.
Back to our normal positions with the ball in the corner.
On a penetrating drive from the corner, we again form an umbrella trap with our Warrior (X1), Pusher (X4), and our clogger (X5). The Keeper (X3) sprints to the middle of the paint and the weak side pusher (X2) protects weak side block.
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